31 Jul Carrier erythrocytes, resealed erythrocytes loaded by a drug or other therapeutic agents, have been exploited extensively in recent years for. Carrier erythrocytes, resealed erythrocytes loaded by a drug or other therapeutic agents, have been exploited extensively in recent years for both temporally and. Current review highlights isolation, drug loading methods, Evaluation methods and applications of resealed erythrocytes for drug delivery. Keywords: Resealed .

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An increase in volume leads to an initial change in the shape from biconcave to spherical. Hypotonic preswell technique PowerPoint Presentation: This evolves to a morphology of stomatocyte uniconcave when they are subjected to solutions of mosm kg -1attaining the spherocytic shape the most fragile of the three when the solution is of mosm kg -1 However, the problems of exogenous enzyme therapy include a shorter circulation half-life of enzymes, allergic reactions, and toxic manifestations.

The colloidal macromolecules contents of the cell may lead to cell lysis because of the increase in osmotic pressure. The vesicle membrane separates endocytosed material from cytoplasm thus protecting it from the erythrocytes and vice-versa.

Resealed Erythrocytes |authorSTREAM

This involves counting the number of red blood cells per unit volume of whole blood, usually by using automated machine. Mature erythrocytes are quite simple in structure. Drug loaded erythrocytes appears to be less resistant to turbulence, probably indicating destruction of cells upon shaking In near future, erythrocytes based delivery system with their ability to provide controlled and site specific drug delivery will revolutionize disease management.


Easy control during life span ranging from minutes to months An inverse relationship exists between the electric-field intensity and the discharge time 32, Intra peritoneal injection reported that survival of cells in circulation was equivalent to the cells administered by i. The absorbances of the supernatants are determined spectrophotometrically at nm. The pores created by this method are resealed by using mm of NaCl and incubation at 37 o Resealdd for 2 min.

Samples deproteinized with acetonitrile and can rrsealed estimated for amount of drug released. Routes of administration include intravenous, which is erythrcytes most common, followed by subcutaneous, intraperitoneal, intranasal, and oral. Its drug released pattern in a controlled manner. Hypotonic dilution Hypotonic dilution was the first method investigated for the encapsulation of chemicals into erythrocytes and is the simplest and fastest.

Haematocrit value PowerPoint Presentation: The cells assume a spherical shape to accommodate additional volume while keeping the surface area constant.

Applications of resealed erythrocytes Delivery of antiviral agents Oxygen deficiency therapy Microinjection of macromolecules Novel systems Nanoerythrosomes Erythrosomes. The various approaches to modify the surface characteristics of erythrocytes include.


If the medium is Hypotonic, water diffuses into the cells reesaled they get swelled and eventually loose all their hemoglobin content and may burst. The coming years represent a critical time in this field as commercial applications are explored. EDTA or heparin can be used as anticoagulants agents Isolation of erythrocytes: Several methods are based on the principle that semipermeable dialysis membrane maximizes the intracellular and extracellular volume ratio for macromolecules during lysis and resealing.


Electrolyte composition of erythrocytes: Erythrocytes have an exceptional capability for reversible shape changes with or without accompanying volume change and for reversible deformation under stress. Deloach J and Ihler G: This pressure drives water and ion erytgrocytes, as a result swelling of the cells occurs.

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This problem can be overcome by covalently linking daunorubicin to the erythrocytic membrane using gluteraldehyde or cisaconitic acid 75 as a reseaoed. Although qualitatively similar to that of plasma. An increase in volume leads to an initial change in the shape from biconcave to spherical.

Resealed erythrocyte has got several advantages over the other drug delivery system which makes it superior than other systems. Utilization of erythrocyte as a drug carrier raises another potential concern due to the changes in their biochemical nature.

Several reports have been cited in the literature about antiviral agents entrapped in resealed erythrocytes for effective delivery and targeting Antineoplastic drugs such as methotrexate, bleomycin, asparginase, and adriamycin 74 have been successfully delivered by erythrocytes.

Article Rexealed Sr No: The suspension was diluted with an isotonic-buffered drug solution.

Electro-Insertion or Electro Encapsulation: Present pharmaceutical scenario is aimed at development of drug delivery systems which maximize the drug targeting along with high therapeutic benefits for safe and effective management of diseases 3.